General Rules

v.1.1 Rev. 03/2021


We follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th or later edition, with a few exceptions:


Use the oxford comma (e.g., “time, manner, and place” not “time, manner and place”).


We use the three-dot rule, not four; use a space before and after the ellipses:

Godchaux commented, “We often discussed that … But we never agreed.”


Use Month, Day, Year, format: “February 14, 1968, is when …” not “14 February 1968 is when …”


Spell out numbers less than 100 in text.

            fifty-eight times (not 58 times)

            101 strings (not one-hundred and one strings)

            1001 nights


In text, specific times do not need to be spelled out.

6 min., 58 sec. (not six minutes, fifty-eight seconds)

Musical Notation

Use Unicode sources for symbols. In general, typesetting musical notation is complex, and even more challenging in an interdisciplinary context; work with the editor in advance to ensure a smooth process. A useful example is Mel Backstrom’s essay in Vol. 4 of the journal, found here.


Foreign language words and phrases and most Latin terms are italicized in order to minimize misunderstanding:

sine qua non

ne plus ultra

Common terms need not be italicized:

status quo


ur- (e.g., ur-text, ur-belief)


Use the Merriam-Webster dictionary ( for general questions. In general, commonly hyphenated terms tend to lose their hyphens over time; hyphens should be used sparingly and only when there is risk of misunderstanding:

            coproducer (not co-producer)

            cocreator (not co-creator)

            multivoice (not multi-voice)